When is Dussehra in 2023? Know the Story, Significance & Puja Rituals

Indian Astrology | 18-Sep-2023

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Are you eagerly awaiting the grand celebration of Dussehra in 2023? Wondering about the exact date, the intriguing story behind this festival, its significance, and the intricate puja rituals associated with it? Look no further, as we delve into all things about Dussehra, providing you with a comprehensive guide to make this year's celebration truly memorable. Get ready to explore the origins, customs, and spiritual aspects of this vibrant Indian festival.

Dussehra, also known as Vijayadashami, is a major Hindu festival celebrated with great enthusiasm across India and some other South Asian countries. This festival holds immense cultural and religious significance, marking the victory of good over evil. As we gear up for Dussehra in 2023, let's embark on a journey to uncover the details that make this festival so special.


When is Dussehra in 2023?


Dussehra Date for 2023: Tuesday, 24th October

Mark your calendars because Dussehra in 2023 falls on the 24th of October. It's crucial to know the exact date to ensure you don't miss out on the festivities.

Dussehra, also known as Vijayadashami, is one of the most significant Hindu festivals celebrated in India and other parts of the world with a Hindu population. It marks the triumph of good over evil and holds immense cultural and religious significance. In this essay, we will delve into the history, mythology, rituals, and the cultural impact of Dussehra.

Dussehra typically falls in the month of October, on the tenth day (Dashami) of the lunar calendar month of Ashwin. The exact date varies from year to year, aligning with the lunar calendar, making it a dynamic and spiritually charged festival.

The history of Dussehra dates back to ancient times and has its roots in the description vividly written in Hindu scriptures. As per the epic Ramayana, Lord Rama killed Ravana who was a demon king who abducted Goddess Sita (Lord Rama’s Wife) and kept Her captive in Lanka. With the help of his loyal monkey army, Lord Rama waged a war against Ravana for ten days, ultimately defeating him and rescuing Mother Sita on the tenth day. We celebrate the day of Lord Rama’s victory over Ravana as Dussehra or Vijayadashmi.

The festival is observed with great enthusiasm and fervor across India. It typically begins with the installation of idols or statues of Lord Rama, Sita, Lakshmana, and Hanuman in beautifully decorated temporary temples or pandals. These idols are worshipped with prayers and offerings throughout the nine days leading up to Dussehra, a period known as Navratri.

The highlight of Dussehra celebrations is the enactment of the Ram Lila, a dramatic reenactment of the events from the Ramayana. This theatrical performance is often a community effort involving local actors and volunteers. The Ram Lila culminates on the tenth day with the dramatic representation of Lord Rama's victory over Ravana, symbolizing the triumph of righteousness over evil.

One of the most iconic traditions associated with Dussehra is the burning of effigies of Ravana, his brother Kumbhakarna, and his son Meghnad. These larger-than-life effigies are filled with firecrackers and set ablaze, signifying the destruction of evil forces. The sight of these towering effigies going up in flames is a spectacle that draws large crowds of spectators.

In some parts of India, Dussehra is also associated with the worship of the Goddess Durga. It is during this time that elaborate Durga Puja pandals (temporary shrines) are constructed, and the Goddess is revered with grand processions, prayers, and cultural performances. Durga Puja is particularly prominent in West Bengal and other eastern regions of India.

Apart from the religious aspects, Dussehra also holds cultural significance. It serves as a time for families and communities to come together, exchange greetings, and enjoy special dishes prepared for the occasion. Many people also visit fairs and carnivals organized during this period, where they can indulge in various forms of entertainment and shop for festive items.

In recent years, Dussehra has also gained recognition as a symbol of the victory of good over evil in a broader sense. It is seen as a time to reflect on the importance of moral and ethical values in our lives and to strive for righteousness. The burning of Ravana effigies symbolizes the eradication of negativity and the pursuit of a more virtuous path.


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The Story of Dussehra


  • The Legend of Lord Rama

Dussehra's story revolves around the epic Ramayana, an ancient Indian epic. Ramayana tells the life story of Lord Rama- the challenge He faced and His splendid victory eventually. According to the legend, Lord Rama, with the help of his devoted monkey army, waged a fierce battle against Ravana to rescue his beloved wife, Sita. After a grueling war, Lord Rama finally defeated Ravana on the tenth day, which is celebrated as Dussehra.

  • The Symbolic Victory of Good over Evil

Dussehra serves as a symbol of the triumph of good over evil, righteousness over sinful deeds, and light over darkness. It reinforces the belief that no matter how powerful evil may seem, it will eventually be defeated by the forces of good.


Significance of Dussehra


Dussehra holds immense cultural and spiritual significance in India, and here's why:

  • Celebrating the Triumph of Virtue

This festival encourages people to embrace righteousness and truth in their lives. It serves as a reminder that virtue and honesty will always prevail, no matter the challenges.

  • Commemorating the Victory of Lord Rama

Dussehra is a way to pay homage to Lord Rama, who is considered an embodiment of righteousness and moral values in Hinduism. It strengthens the devotion of his followers.

  • Promoting Unity

Dussehra is a unifying festival that brings people from different backgrounds together. Communities come together to celebrate and share the joy of this auspicious occasion.


Puja Rituals on Dussehra


  • Worship of the Shami Tree

One of the key rituals on Dussehra is the worship of the Shami tree. It is believed that the Pandavas hid their weapons in a Shami tree during their period of exile, and later, they retrieved them on this day. Worshipping the Shami tree is a way of seeking blessings for protection and victory.

  • Burning Effigies of Ravana

Across India, effigies of Ravana, his brother Kumbhakarna, and son Meghanada are burned in grand processions. This ritual symbolizes the destruction of evil and is a significant highlight of Dussehra celebrations.

  • Special Pujas and Aartis

Temples dedicated to Lord Rama hold special pujas (prayer ceremonies) and aartis (devotional songs) to honor the deity. Devotees flock to these temples to seek blessings and offer their prayers.

  • Exchanging Sweets and Gifts

On Dussehra, people exchange sweets and gifts as a gesture of love and goodwill. It fosters a sense of community and reinforces the bond between family and friends.

  • Cultural Performances

Dussehra celebrations are incomplete without cultural performances. Traditional dances, dramas, and music add to the festive atmosphere, showcasing the rich cultural heritage of India.




As we eagerly await Dussehra in 2023, it's essential to understand the festival's roots, significance, and customs. This celebration of good prevailing over evil reminds us of the eternal battle between right and wrong, offering valuable life lessons. Whether you participate in the grand processions or simply enjoy the sweets and cultural performances, Dussehra is a time for unity, joy, and spiritual reflection. So, make sure to mark your calendar for the 24th of October, and join in the festivities as India comes alive with the spirit of Dussehra.




  1. Why is Dussehra celebrated?

Dussehra is celebrated to commemorate the victory of Lord Rama over the demon king Ravana, symbolizing the triumph of good over evil.

  1. Are there regional variations in Dussehra celebrations?

Yes, Dussehra is celebrated differently in various regions of India, with unique customs and traditions.

  1. What should one wear on Dussehra?

People typically wear traditional Indian attire, with many choosing to don new clothes for the occasion.

  1. Can non-Hindus participate in Dussehra celebrations?

Dussehra is a festival of unity and inclusivity, so people from all backgrounds are welcome to join in the celebrations and witness the cultural richness of India.

  1. Are there any specific dishes associated with Dussehra?

Yes, special dishes like jalebi, laddoo, and samosas are prepared and shared with loved ones during Dussehra.